The resulting democracy allowed for the flourishing of free-thinkers and writers, producing some of the most well-known achievements in art, literature, science, philosophy, and other sciences. A shared and common language developed around the Aegean sometime in the 8th century BCE.
Greece also held elections once a year for political positions not filled by the lottery. More essays like this: Bureaucracy and bureaucratic codes were also held up as high values. The mountainous terrain as well as a deeply entrenched sense of independence probably allowed the system to remain more of a loose confederation than a central republic, like that of Rome.
The Hellenistic world, unlike its faults in many of the other arts, actually built upon the foundation laid by Hellenic scientists. In Rome, two chief consuls served a limited term of one year.
Both parties worshiped the same pantheon of gods, though Athens in particular was more devoted to the cult of Athena, its legendary founder. Mithra Source Religion Religion in the Hellenic world derived from the debates of philosophers. In math, Pythagorean invented his theorem. Culture and Language Culture and language go together for both the Greeks and the Romans.
And prose became dominated by historians, biographers, and authors writing of utopia. Other philosophers include Aristotle and Socrates. The state religion was a form of Zoroastrianism, though rulers allowed other faiths to exist out of necessity.
About 10 percent of the population, known as spartiates, could participate in politics. It also studies the impact of Hellenic civilization on other time periods, such as the Medieval period, the Renaissance, and modern times.
The gap between the social class was quite wide, that in both civilizations, it was not easy to move between the social class. Aristotle engaged in metaphysics and syllogism.
Lyrical poetry thrived in its gentle and personal style. The patricians represented the aristocracy, or nobles, while the plebeians represented the middle-class and wealthy merchants. Artists and playwrights showed interest. Does Mithra sound familiar? However, some architectural achievements include the first lighthouse, the citadel of Alexandria, and the Corinthian column.
The Hellenistic period witnessed philosophers who focused on reason rather than the quest for truth. In astronomy, Thales predicted a solar eclipse. Translated by Samuel Butler. In order to make the government representative, Greek officials allowed election to some public offices -- those not requiring particular qualifications, such as military experience -- to be decided by a lottery system to which any citizen could submit their name.
Economics and Politics The economy and politics of Greece were extremely complex. The Hellenistic period ended when the Romans came to town. The highest regard they could attain was being the wife of a citizen. Certain members of the conquered peoples and immigrant groups were offered Roman citizenship.
Considered the First Great Age of science, intellectual inquiry was supported by wealthy patrons who helped the sciences to thrive. Each household was free to have a shine for its own god and each street corner its own idol.
Greek culture became absorbed by the Romans, beginning the "Roman Greece" period which lasted until CE. They lacked, however, the ideology common among Greek city-states that emphasized individual participation in government. New York, New York. The typical Roman citizen lived in the country and the bulk of the Roman economy was based on agriculture and land ownership.
The Romans used war and conquest to its benefit as well especially in the great Punic Wars fought against the North African power Carthage. Comedies became more akin to dramas, as evidenced in the works of Menander.
This was not readily acceptable in China. The Hellenistic period witnessed some major developments in religion.The ancient Greek and Roman civilizations of Europe began to progress toward a more civilized order of society.
As there were no previous establishment to base their ideals on, it was understandable that there were some difficulties in their progression as a society. Compare/Contrast Greek and Roman Cultures Assignment: Part 1: Fill in the.
Compare And Contrast The Greeks And The Romans History Essay. Print Reference this. Published: 23rd March, two people is lumped together in our minds to an extend that you might think they are exactly the same or as if the Greek culture just suddenly became the Roman culture without changing (Galignani and ).
What Are the Differences and Similarities of Roman and Greek Politics? The ancient Roman and Greek civilizations had well-organized political processes that greatly influenced the manner in which later governments were structured in Europe and the United States.
Get an answer for 'Compare and contrast the religious and political beliefs of the Persian Empire to classical Greece.' and find homework help for other History questions at eNotes. Compare and Contrast Greece and Rome In the following pages I will attempt to compare/contrast the religious, cultural, economic and political systems of ancient Greece and Rome.
Religion. Jun 26, · Hellenistic and Hellenic civilization were time periods in Ancient Greece.
But what's the difference between the two? Sign In Join. 8. Owlcation Comparison of the 3 Greek columns | Source. Art. Art in the Hellenic world is what we recognize as Greek art today. It embodied exuberance, cheerful sensuality, and coarse mi-centre.coms: 8.Download