But for Sinclair, it was a political novel, uncovering great human suffering at the hands of unregulated capitalism private ownership of goods and property and focusing on socialism government owned or regulated business as the ideal cure for the social ills, such as abuse of workers or unsafe conditions in meatpacking plants, that he documented at the height of the American Industrial Revolution.
He spent seven weeks in Chicago, interviewing workers, living among them, and looking at the factories where they worked.
Steffens suffered a heart attack in lateand was mostly confined to bed until his death, at home in Carmel, California, on August 9, Steffens went to Mexico to cover the revolution and became persuaded that a strong leader was the path to meaningful reform.
His story contained the meat-packing industry as well as some horrible things that took place in the industry. As a boy, Steffens showed signs of the rebelliousness that would mark his entire life.
More Than a Muckraker: Steffens remarried in and settled in Europe, earning a living by working as a freelance journalist. It was an important beginning of government regulation of an industry that had previously yielded huge profits as business owners ignored costly sanitation controls.
They simply wanted to fix these things, rather than completely overhaul them or set up new social systems and institutions. Upton Sinclair used fiction as his vehicle to attack social ills.
Tarbell, on the other hand, famous for uncovering the abusive practices of Rockefeller, one of the biggest businessmen of the era, felt friendly towards many businessmen, and ended her career writing glowing biographies of business leaders.
They exposed the particular inequities that afflicted American life, stirred public opinion to the point where it was willing to support men like Roosevelt and Wilson in their reform programs, and planted the seeds of progressivism which the politicians were to harvest.
Inhe was stricken with heart disease and forced to restrict his writing and lecturing activities.
Samuel Hopkins Adams focused on the public health conditions regarding medicines sold in pharmacies. Most progressives actually believed in the United States social system and its extensions into areas of finance, industrialization, sanitation, and more that Progressives were concerned about during this era.
Writing for newspapers Riis and magazines Steffens and Tarbellor publishing novels Sinclairthese writers specialized in writing stories about the suffering of underpaid workers, government corruption, and shady dealings by business executives like John D.
At the end of Steffens accepted a job offer from S. But over time, Steffens became disillusioned with efforts to reform politics, and concluded that only a revolution, like the ones that took place in Mexico and Russiacould succeed in defeating the natural tendencies of capitalism toward corruption.
The progressive era improved the quality of life for the American life greatly and helped people become more democratic. He exposed horrible, unclean, and disgusting conditions of meat factories. There a couple of different writers who were part of the muckraker category during the Progressive era.
His best-known novel, The Junglewas written to promote the cause of socialism a political system in which the government controls the major industries as a cure for the ills of American society.
These issues, although illustrated in Wisconsin with this particular example, were prevalent across the country and were concerns that Progressives everywhere sought to address.Let's now look at a few of the most influential muckrakers of the Progressive Era that you should remember.
His work appeared as a book, The Muckrakers of the Progressive Era. Start studying Journalism Chapter 1.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. One of the leading muckrakers of the progressive era. Horace Greely. Founded liberal Republican Party.
Editor of the New York Tribune. essays, and material borrowed from whatever source an editor could find. Essay on Theodore Roosevelt and the Progressive Era. were not satisfied with the conditions they had to work in.
Many people were forced to work in cold, dirty and unsafe environments and many got seriously ill or even died from it (Woog 49). Muckrakers, or people who wrote about problems in the working industry, published their findings (Mabry).
Muckrakers were journalists who imparted information to readers on underhanded schemes in politics. They wrote magazines, periodicals, others wrote books and even novels which portrayed the minds and ruthlessness of the industrialist.
Woodrow Wilson was another notable contributor of the Progressive Era. The Muckrakers: Jacob Riis, Upton Sinclair, Lincoln Steffens, Ida TarbellJacob Riis Born May 3, Ribe, Denmark Died May 26, Barre, Massachusetts Source for information on Muckrakers, The: Jacob Riis, Upton Sinclair, Lincoln Steffens, Ida Tarbell:.
Some famous muckrakers of the progressive era were Lincoln Steffens, Ida Tarbell, David Graham Phillips, Jacob Riis, Ray Stannard Baker, Samuel Hopkins Adams, and Upton Sinclair. Lincoln Steffens exposed corporate monopolies and political corruption, working under Sam McClure’s magazine/5(1).Download