InAdams wrote to his father: The Compromise The issue of what to do with the western territories was far more complex than simply whether or not they would be slave or free.
Though President Polk and Manifest Destiny embodied the spirit, adventure, and triumphalism of the period, they also paved the way for the splintering of the Union in He saw himself as a Washingtonesque figure who could mediate the two sides of the issue. When the public learned of the Ostend Manifesto inwhich argued that the United States could seize Cuba by force if Spain refused to sell, this effectively killed the effort to acquire the island.
This combined with the fact that the adopted platform was silent on the issue of slavery and its expansion resulted in the anti-slavery Democrats walking out of the convention. Expansionists in the North were more inclined to promote the occupation of Oregon, while Southern expansionists focused primarily on the annexation of Texas.
In thus providing for the support of millions of civilized beings, they will not violate any dictate of justice or of humanity; for they will not only give to the few thousand savages scattered over that territory an ample equivalent for any right they may surrender, but will always leave them the possession of lands more than they can cultivate, and more than adequate to their subsistence, comfort, and enjoyment, by cultivation.
Experience has shown that they were not well founded. There was a major debate over what terms the United States should impose on Mexico.
Advocates of civilization programs believed that the process of settling native tribes would greatly reduce the amount of land needed by the Native Americans, making more land available for homesteading by white Americans.
Polk used this popular outcry to his advantage, and the Democrats called for the annexation of "All Oregon" in the U. Even if most 19th-century Americans agreed on the virtues of expanding the national boundaries westward, they disagreed violently over whether slavery should expand into the west as well.
For example, many Whigs opposed territorial expansion based on the Democratic claim that the United States was destined to serve as a virtuous example to the rest of the world, and also had a divine obligation to spread its superordinate political system and a way of life throughout North American continent.
Not willing to throw off the delicate balance of free and slave states and launch America into a Civil WarAmerica passed on Texas. If the free states gain a majority it could threaten the future of slavery in the South.
As historian Reginald Horsman argued in his influential study Race and Manifest Destiny, racial rhetoric increased during the era of manifest destiny. Fillmore was in favor of the proposal and signed it into law. The treaty was highly contentious and denounced by William Jennings Bryanwho tried to make it a central issue in the election.
Despite this criticism, expansionists embraced the phrase, which caught on so quickly that its origin was soon forgotten. He proposed admitting both California and New Mexico as free states.
Eventually Texas was annexed as a salve state, which of course strengthened the pro-slavery position by adding new congressmen and more Southern electoral votes.
The outcome was neither obvious nor easy. Most Democrats were wholehearted supporters of expansion, whereas many Whigs especially in the North were opposed. No matter how Americans have rationalized their land conquests, or whether they were fighting Mexicans, Native Americans, or others, these were messy, bloody, protracted battles on all sides.
Mexico was looking the other way with its fingers in its ears pretending the whole thing never happened. These islands, however, were acquired as colonies rather than prospective states. Blog Manifest Destiny Manifest Destiny was a phrase which invoked the idea of divine sanction for the territorial expansion of the United States.
The national policy was for the Indians to join American society and become "civilized", which meant no more wars with neighboring tribes or raids on white settlers or travelers, and a shift from hunting to farming and ranching.
The birthday of a new world is at hand Thomas Jefferson believed that while American Indians were the intellectual equals of whites,  they had to live like the whites or inevitably be pushed aside by them. The process was validated by the Insular Cases. They explained the American policy toward acquisition of Indian lands: The whole continent of North America appears to be destined by Divine Providence to be peopled by one nation, speaking one language, professing one general system of religious and political principles, and accustomed to one general tenor of social usages and customs.
Concerns in the United States that European powers especially Great Britain were seeking to acquire colonies or greater influence in North America led to calls for expansion in order to prevent this.
Many in the Whig party "were fearful of spreading out too widely", and they "adhered to the concentration of national authority in a limited area".
Merk wrote that, while belief in the beneficent mission of democracy was central to American history, aggressive "continentalism" were aberrations supported by only a minority of Americans, all of them Democrats. According to Frederick Merk, these colonial acquisitions marked a break from the original intention of manifest destiny.
The year was and Texans were high-fiving each other and shouting "Remember the Alamo! The nascent revolutionary government desirous of independence, however, resisted the United States in the Philippine—American War in ; it won no support from any government anywhere and collapsed when its leader was captured.
The annexation of "All Mexico" would be a violation of this principle. Later that year they petitioned the US for statehood.
Late in life he came to regret his role in helping U. The military victories during the war glossed over the controversy for a brief time. Identitarianism was used to promote manifest destiny, but, as in the case of Calhoun and the resistance to the "All Mexico" movement, identitarianism was also used to oppose manifest destiny.The issues that emerged with the acquisition of western lands, particularly in the Southwest, reawakened the sleeping giant of American politics: the controversy between North and South over slavery that most U.S.
political leaders had spent a lifetime attempting to suppress. History Exam 2. STUDY. PLAY. Afterthe United States: Manifest Destiny was based, in part, on: a) the belief that God was on the side of American expansionism a total shift in American politics. b) the vigorous.
Manifest Destiny describes what 19th-Century Americans believed was a God-given mission to expand westward and it still impacts U.S. foreign policy. Manifest destiny played an important role in the expansion of Texas and American relationship with Mexico. Inthe Republic of Texas declared independence from Mexico and, after the Texas Revolution, sought to join the United States as a new state.
Manifest destiny was a popular and easily understood phrase, which was adopted by successive political parties. Originally the position of the Democratic Party, it was absorbed into the platforms of the Whig and later Republican parties. Westward Expansion was the 19th-century movement of settlers, agriculture and industry into the American West.
Learn about the Louisiana Purchase, manifest .Download